Rust Packages for Database Management

If you are a fan of Rust, then you might have heard about its potential in data management. Rust's simplicity, performance, and safety can make it a suitable language for database applications. Moreover, the Rust community has been active in developing various Rust packages for database management, which offer a range of features and functionalities.

In this article, we'll review some of the best Rust packages for database management. Buckle up, folks, and get ready to explore the exciting world of Rust databases.

Why Rust for database management?

Before we dive into the Rust packages for database management, let's quickly touch on why Rust might be a suitable language for databases.

First and foremost, Rust is known for its safety and performance. For databases, safety matters a lot, as it contains valuable data that needs to be secured from harmful attacks. Rust's safety features make it easier to eliminate various vulnerabilities in code, which is why many safety-critical applications use Rust.

Secondly, Rust is simple and easy to read, which can make it an ideal option for beginners or experienced developers who need to maintain code. The simplicity of Rust makes it easier to discourage bugs and issues, which reduces the time and cost of debugging.

Thirdly, Rust is ideal for high-concurrency applications, which is essential for database management. Its ownership model ensures that the code can handle parallelism, which can make Rust databases faster than other traditional databases.

Finally, Rust is an open-source language, which means that it has an active community that contributes to its growth, development, and maintenance. The Rust community has developed several packages for database management, which we will explore in this article.


Rusqlite is one of the most popular Rust packages for database management. It offers a fast, efficient, and lightweight way to interact with SQLite databases. SQLite is a familiar database for most developers, as it's lightweight and doesn't require much configuration.

Rusqlite offers a familiar interface to interact with SQLite databases, which can make it easier for developers to get started with Rust databases. Moreover, Rusqlite offers several features, such as transactions, prepared statements, and multi-threaded data access, which makes it a suitable Rust package for various applications.

Here's a quick example of how to use Rusqlite to connect to an SQLite database, create a table, insert data into the table, and fetch data from the table.

use rusqlite::{Connection, Result};

fn main() -> Result<()> {
    let conn = Connection::open("test.db")?;

        "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS person (
             id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
             name TEXT NOT NULL,
             age INTEGER NOT NULL

        "INSERT INTO person (name, age) VALUES (?1, ?2)",
        ["Alice", 42],

    let mut stmt =
        conn.prepare("SELECT id, name, age FROM person WHERE age > ?1")?;
    let person_iter = stmt.query_map([41], |row| {
        Ok(Person {
            id: row.get(0)?,
            name: row.get(1)?,
            age: row.get(2)?,

    for person in person_iter {
        println!("Found person {:?}", person.unwrap());


As you can see, Rusqlite makes it easy to interact with the SQLite database. You can create tables, insert data, and fetch data with minimal boilerplate code.


Diesel is another popular Rust package for database management. Unlike Rusqlite, Diesel is an ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) that can provide an abstraction layer between Rust code and the database.

Diesel offers a type-safe, composable, and SQL-like interface to interact with databases. It can generate a Rust code based on the database schema, which can make it easier to integrate with the Rust codebase.

Moreover, Diesel offers a range of features, such as migrations, query composition, and query execution, which can make it a suitable Rust package for complex database applications.

Here's a quick example of how to use Diesel to connect to a PostgreSQL database, create a table, insert data into the table, and fetch data from the table.

use diesel::prelude::*;
use diesel::pg::PgConnection;
use dotenv::dotenv;
use std::env;

pub fn establish_connection() -> PgConnection {

    let database_url = env::var("DATABASE_URL")
        .expect("DATABASE_URL must be set");
        .expect(&format!("Error connecting to {}", database_url))

struct Person {
    id: i32,
    name: String,
    age: i32,

struct NewPerson<'a> {
    name: &'a str,
    age: &'a i32,

fn main() {
    let connection = establish_connection();

    let new_person = NewPerson {
        name: "Alice",
        age: &42,


    let ages = vec![42, 51];
    let results = person::table.filter(person::age.eq_any(ages))
        .expect("Error loading persons");

    println!("Found persons:");
    for person in results {

As you can see, Diesel can generate Rust code based on the database schema, which can make it easier to integrate with the Rust codebase. You can create tables, insert data, and fetch data with Diesel, which offers a SQL-like interface.


Sled is a unique Rust package for database management, as it's a modern embedded key-value store written in Rust. Sled is embedded, meaning that it runs within the same process as the application, which can make it faster than traditional databases.

Sled offers a fully-featured persistent storage system that can handle complex data structures, such as maps and queues. It can offer transactions, multi-threaded data access, and ACID guarantees, which can make it a reliable Rust package for high-concurrency applications.

Here's a quick example of how to use Sled to create a tree and get/put values in it:

use sled::Db;

fn main() {
    let db = Db::start_default("/tmp/db").unwrap();

    db.insert(b"my key", b"my value").unwrap();

    let result = db.get(b"my key").unwrap();
    assert_eq!(result.unwrap().as_ref(), b"my value");

As you can see, Sled is easy to use, and it offers a unique perspective on database management in Rust. You can use Sled for various high-concurrency applications where speed and safety matter.


In conclusion, Rust offers several packages for database management, each with its unique features, functionalities, and use-cases. Rusqlite, Diesel, and Sled are some of the most popular Rust packages for database management, each offering an easy to use and efficient way to interact with databases.

If you're looking to manage data in Rust, then these packages can help you get started. Each package has its strengths and weaknesses, so make sure to choose the one that fits your needs and use-case.

We hope you enjoyed this exploration of Rust packages for database management. Stay tuned for more exciting Rust packages and reviews!

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Written by AI researcher, Haskell Ruska, PhD ( Scientific Journal of AI 2023, Peer Reviewed